The German auto parts retailer kfzteile24, commissioned a study to identify best and worst cities to drive around the world. 100 cities are ranked on an analysis of local congestion levels, average cost of parking and fuel, average roadway speeds, air pollution levels, number of traffic injuries, and road quality. Dusseldorf tops the list of driver-friendly metro areas, among other factors, because its highways are congested a mere 20% of the time, while in Kolkata the roads are 69% traffic-jammed, which is the highest level among all 100 rated global cities.
The cities were evaluated on ten (10) parameters to calculate the ranking:
However, it is interesting to see list of cities and evaluation of these cities on different parameters. List of 10 Best and Worst Cites are given below:
The following are some of the inferences from the study:
1. Availability of Public Transport - It is observed that the cities which are ranked best for driving, also have high scores on "Public Transport Alternatives (PTA)". All top 10 cities, except Dubai, have PTA score in the range of 8-10, which clearly shows that most of the people are relying on the public transport. This will definitely create positive impact on road traffic. On the other hand, the cities with worst drive conditions scored low scores (range 1-3) on PTA level. Indian cities faired very badly in this study as only 3 cities could able to make it to 100 cities in terms of safe driving ranking - Bangalore (95 rank), Mumbai (96 rank) and Kolkata (100 rank). There is direct co-relation between availability of good public transport and congestion level in the city.
2. Speed - The cities with good public transport system ranking has better average speed of vehicles. Cities like Tokyo (TPA - 10) and Singapore (TPA - 8.56) which have good public transport system, and these cities also have good commercial speed - Tokyo (30 kmph) and Singapore (32.40 kmph). The situation is same in all best cities, but the cities without good public transport system are crawling at 10-20 kmph.
3. Air Quality - The cities are scored on the basis of air quality data provided by World Health Organisation for the year 2016. The data again clearly shows that the cities with good public transport network and less congestion have better air quality, compared to the cities without public transport. It clearly indicates that cities should invest more in public transport to achieve better air quality.
4. Road Transport Injuries - Road safety is one of the critical issues as 1.25 million people lost their life in road accidents in 2013 as World Health Organisation data. The survey used the same database to rank cities on this parameter. Basel city (Switzerland) scored perfect 10 on road transport injuries index as the city also scored 9.01 on public transport alternatives. The data clearly indicates that the cities with good public transport have witnessed fewer road fatalities. On the other cities without good public transport scored very poorly.
5. Road Rage - The cities with better scores indicates low numbers of road rage incidents. The survey was conducted with over 1,000 drivers to rate their perception and number of incidents in the past 12 months. The data clearly indicates that the drivers reported lower road rage incidents in cities with better public transport. There is direct relation between congestion level and road rage. Thus, public transport does not only improve cities' conditions but also help to improve quality of life in the city.
The data clearly shows that cities must develop good public transport system if they are looking to solve traffic congestion, improve air quality, reduce road accidents and improve quality of life. The cities should use this as benchmark and can clearly see that public transport has multiplier impact and can enhance the overall outlook of the city.