PTI 3/2016 - Mobility-based urban renewal

© Ramesh NG from Bangalore, INDIA
The world’s urban population is growing due to many factors, and as a result, so is the demand for urban mobility. To address this, the national government of India ran an urban renewal programme from 2006-2014, which heavily supported the creation of sustainable transport infrastructure. Public Transport International asked guest contributor, Dr. Ekroop Caur, current managing director of Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation, and recipient of India’s Prime Minister’s award for Excellence in Administration, to analyse the programme’s successes and the valuable lessons it can offer others in the international public transport sector.
All around the world, cities are emerging as centres of economic growth, each day attracting more people looking for a better life. This rapid urbanisation is especially true in India, where it is projected that by 2030, about 40% of the population will live in an urban area, and there will be at least 60 cities with a population over 1 million. Rapid urbanisation creates lots of challenges such as housing, sanitation, utilities and transportation. Already now, the demand for urban mobility is increasing across major cities in India. In the absence of investment and planning in the past, the public transport offering has been unable to keep up with this demand. In a move to recognise and act upon urban mobility issues, in 2006, the federal government of India introduced the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP), setting the legislative framework for providing sustainable mobility for the future.

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