Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) is introducing new ‘Delhi Maintenance and Management of Parking Rules 2017', aimed at reducing the number of cars on the road in favour of public transport. The rules will be the first of their kind for any Indian city which will use parking as a tool to decongest cities. Delhi has 10 million registered motor vehicles. The Transport Department, GNCTD had notified and published draft rules in the Delhi Gazette part IV (extraordinary) on 29 January 2018 for information of all persons likely to be affected thereby.
The new policy is likely to be implemented in March 2018, and new parking rates for public and residential areas are likely to be finalised by July 2018. The municipal corporations will be given four months to prepare ‘area parking plans’ in their respective zones. The parking fees will be decided after these plans are ready.
Some of key recommendations of the policy are:
1. the government has constituted 'Base Parking Fee (BPF) Commitee' to fix minimum parking rates across Delhi. The commitee will be headed by the transport commissioner. The BPF will be revised every year. The rates for surface and off-site parking lots will be decided in multiples of the BPF.
2. On-street parking will not be allowed 50 metres from intersections on each arm of a road. Parking will be allowed in demarcated areas on public streets and open surfaces in residental areas against parking charges to be decieded by civic agenices on the basis off BPF.
3. Dynamic pricing mechanisms such as peak and non-peak fees and an hourly exponential increase will also be introduced.
4. Parking rates will be linked to pollution levels. The multiples shall be doubled in case of ‘severe+’ or ‘emergency’ levels of ambient air quality under the Graded Response Action Plan.
5. Special provision for parking for differently abled will be made as per statutory standards.
6. Long duration parkings should be located only in off-street facilities. The vehicles of shopkeepers, building owners, local workers, office goers and other users of long duration parking are to be parked at such off-street parking facilities only.
7. The agency will identiy and provide exclusive night charging places for the purpose of parking of electric vehicles. Further, general parking spaces will also be provided with charging facilities for electric vehicles.
8. The parking revenue shall be utilised for local development works related to safety of pedestrians, NMV lanes, road safety and development of parking space within their jurisdiction.
9. The permits of Transport Vehicles (commercial) will be granted or renewed only upon submission of proof of parking space for such vehicle. Further, the agencies will identify road and spaces for granting permission for overnight parking of Transport Vehicles.
10. The special power will be given to officers of municipal corproation to issue challan for illegal parked vehicles.
This policy is right step forward to give priority to public transport and can be adopted by other cities in India and outside.