Metro is emerging as key solutions to fulfil demand for urban transportation in India.  As per Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), about 316 kilometres of Metro rail is under operation and more than 500 kms of Metro rail is under construction across the country. It is expected that 5 new systems will become operation by 2017, mainly Hyderabad, Lucknow, Noida, Kochi and Navi Mumbai. Some of the metro lines, like Nagpur and Ahmedabad are under construction.

The emergence of metro sector in India has also benefited construction and equipment industry. Further, it has helped to commence metro coach industry in India. The country imported the CBUs (Completely Built Units) from Germany and South Korea at the launch of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC).

Metro Coaches – ‘Make in India’

The industry has covered the long way in last 15 years from being an importer of metro coaches to become exporter of coaches to other countries. 90% of the coaches supplied to Delhi metro are manufactured in India and also maiden consignment of six metro coaches made in Bombardier facility  were shipped to Queensland and Sydney Metros in Australia in January 2016. Bombardier Transportation will export a total of 450 metro coaches over a period of two-and-a-half year. Further, India will also be exporting 521 bogie frames to Brazil for Sao Paulo monorail.

(Copyright: Team-bhp)

The contract conditions of DMRC mandate a cap on upper limit of 25 per cent for production abroad while the balance is to be necessarily manufactured in India either through tie-ups or a wholly-owned subsidiary. This conditions pushed international manufacturers to setup facility in India. This has helped to also boost establishment of ancillary units and helped generate employment.

To move up in value chain, the companies has started indigenisation process and major sub system of metro coaches have been indigenised. Other parts including window glasses, battery boxes, brake blocks, bogie frames, vacuum circuit breakers, propulsion among others are also being manufactured in India.

Manufacturing Units in India

The capital costs of Metro coaches in India are substantially lower than the rest of the world. The capital cost of a coach is around INR 89.4 million (US$ 1.35 million) in India, the cost in Vancouver is INR 160.8 million (US$ 2.5 million) and in San Francisco is INR 151.3 million (US$ 2.30 million). Three Metro coach manufacturing units have already been established in India:

Name of the company

Facility at

Year of Establishment

Bombardier Transportation

Savli near Vododara (Gujarat)


Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML)

Bengaluru (Karnataka)


Alstom Transport

Sricity near Chennai (Tamil Nadu)


China Railway Rolling Stock Corp (CRRC) is planning to setup its manufacturing unit in the Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN).

Metro Coaches Market

The existing numbers of coaches supplied or ordered for various metro project is as follows:

Metro Rail Project

Rolling Stock Suppliers


Delhi Metro (Broad Gauge)

Consortium of Hyundai, Mitsubishi & MELCO / Bombardier / BEML


Delhi Metro (Standard Gauge)



Bangalore Metro

BEML-led consortium with Mitsubishi & Hyundai


Mumbai Metro

CSR Nanjing (China)


Jaipur Metro



Kolkata Metro

CNR Dalian (A subsidiary of CRRC)


Chennai Metro



Gurgaon Metro

CSR Zhuzhou (A subsidiary of CRRC)


Hyderabad Metro

Hyundai -Rotem


Lucknow Metro

Alstom Transport


Kochi Metro

Alstom Transport


Nagpur Metro



Navi Mumbai Metro

CSR Zhuzhou (A subsidiary of CRRC)


Noida Metro



(Disclaimer: Numbers released by metro operators or manufacturing agency in public domain)

Future Demand

As per industry estimates, there will be a demand of 2000 metro trains in India in the next 5 years (2015-2020). The Delhi Metro currently operates with a fleet of 227 train sets comprising of 128 six coach, 58 eight coach and 41 four coach trains across all its corridors. A total of 924 coaches have been ordered for the forthcoming phase of Delhi Metro including 504 coaches for the new Phase 3 corridors.

Further, new metro systems like Ahmedabad, Vijayawada, Kanpur etc. will release tender in coming months for the procurement of rolling stock. 

(Copyright: Deccan Herald)