INDIA IS INVESTING IN METRO INFRASTRUCTURE

Urban transportation infrastructure in India needs big investment and a massive upgradation. It is estimated by various studies that 60% of Indians will be living in urban areas by 2050. Government of India issued National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in 2006 and was planning to make some amendment. However, the government has decided to not make any change in the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) which provides a broad framework for development of urban transport. 

Metro network

After the success of Delhi Metro, lots of Indian cities are exploring the option to implement metro rail project across the country. As per Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), about 316 kilometres of Metro rail is under operation and more than 500 kms of Metro rail is under construction across the country. This includes metro/mono rail systems promoted by state governments and private bodies under their own arrangements. It is important to note that urban transport is a state subject. Thus, the planning, execution and development of urban transport facilities are done by the states and union territories.

In the Union Budget 2014-15, the government has emphasised that for two million plus cities, planning of metro projects must begin now. There is a demand for having metros in different cities and the government is evaluating various proposals after taking into consideration availability of funds as well as feasibility of projects. In 2016-17, the government has earmarked INR 100 billion (US$ 1.5 billion) for the metro projects. It is important to note that urban transport is a state subject. Thus, the planning, execution and development of urban transport facilities are done by the states and union territories.

Metro system - operational

India had been lagging behind other countries in terms of metro development. The country’s first metro in Kolkata opened in 1984, the second New Delhi, launched in 2002. India now has seven metro systems that are operational.

 

Metro system – under construction

It is expected that five new systems will become operational by 2017. The following are some of the metro lines which are under construction.

Sr. no.

Metro System

Length

Expected completion

Contracting model

1

Kochi Metro

25.25 kms

2016

Public

2

Hyderabad Metro

71.16 kms

2017

Private

3

Lucknow Metro

36.00 kms

2017

Public

4

Noida Metro

29.70 kms

2017

Public

5

Navi Mumbai

106.4 kms

2017

Public

6

Nagpur Metro

38.2 kms

2019

Public

7

Ahmedabad Metro

37.76 kms

2020

Public

Around 20 cities have prepared Detail Project Reports (DPRs). Metro Rail is one of the most popular options for mass transport but it is important to highlight that the viability of metro projects depends on a correct definition of traffic corridors, adapted technology, availability of land, volume of traffic carried, capacity utilisation and acceptance of the mode by the commuters (Source: The MetroRail Asia).

Alternative for tier-II cities

Metro is seen as the only solution for mass rapid transit system. However, the smaller and medium size cities can also explore the option of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). Around 222 kilometres of BRT systems are operational and the remaining 282 kilometres are under construction. MoUD has provided financial assistance to 11 cities for construction of 504 kilometres Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS).