NEW INDIA: NITI AAYOG VISION 2031-32

The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) is formulating a Vision 2030 document. This document is coterminous with the UN’s 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As part of vision document, Niti Aayog has given detailed presentation on a 15-year vision, 7-year strategy and 3-year action plan for the country. The document outlined Vision for India:

"By 2031-32, we must transform India into a prosperous, highly educated, healthy, secure, corruption-free, energy-abundant, environmentally clean and globally influential nation"

The paper highlighted that China's GDP has increased by 300% in last 15 years. Further, China added more than 310 million in urban population. China has achieved a remarkable grwoth in last 15 years and uplifted millions of people out of poverty. This can be great learning lesson for Indian economy. 

   

On the other hand, India has achieved only 200% growth in the same period (2000-15). But the base number (2000) was quite small compared to China. There is need to accelerate the growth. Niti Aayog has set a target of 250% growth in next 15 years. India will also experience high growth in urban population and will add more than 220 million people in urban population. 

 

Niti Aayog has set key benchmark for "New India" as follows:

  • Housing with toliets, LPG, electricity and digital connectivity for all
  • Access to two-wheelers or cars, air-conditioning and other white goods for nearly all
  • A fully literate population with universal access to healthcare
  • A much larger and modern network of roads, railways, waterways and air connectivity 
  • A clean India: Clean air & water, clean cities & villages

The benchmark are quite ambitious but unfortunately the government did not give priority to Public Transport and Mobility in New India. India will not move if everyone will own and use two-wheelers or cars. It is important that India should learn from Singapore to create a vision for mobility for all. Singapore has set the target to achieve to mobility for all. 

In order to achieve inclusive growth, there is need for higher investment in public transport. The government of India should encourage participation of private players to bring more investment and technology in the sector. 

Source: India 2031-32: Vision, Strategy and Action Agenda, Dr. Arvind Panagariya, April 23, 2017